Medical Preparedness and Response for Bombing Incidents (MPRBI) Course
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Medical Preparedness and Response for Bombing Incidents (MPRBI) Course

above. And, too, second and third story rooms likely were much safer than first

story rooms. L
adders could be
pulled u
p to the roofs. Who knows that these Tewas were not
thinking of reveng

eful Keres peop

le to the south? In some cases caves were hewn and used independently of the talus houses to the front but certainly it was impossible to stay inside while large fires were burning. The poor cliff dweller would have suffocated. Many attempts were made to ventilate caves by boring smoke holes above the doorways. But it was impossible to ventilate a cave successfully. Not much of a draft was created. Indians attempted to ventilate their cave homes by cutting as many as three h

hen a fire was

kindled the smoke circled around and filled the chamber. The vents did not work. Smoke hovered down to the height of the door and went out at that point leaving a definite line of demarcation around the cave wall. The Indian plastered the wall underneath this smoke line so that his house would not be so filthy and so that he could crouch down and lean his shoulders against it without getting soot all over his back. I have seen cave walls exhibiting as many as thirteen thin plaster coats. Never let it be said that caves were popular places in which to live while large fires were burning inside. Perhaps our prehistoric friend knew that if he built a fire inside his cave the walls would warm up. Then hours later, after most

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of the smoke ha

d gone out, he could return and be quite comfortable without suffocating. And he, no doubt, would have rolled down a deer skin or matting of corn shucks over the opening to keep out the cold during the winter months. The majority of the caves at Tyuonyi were connected building in the great period with the talus houses to the front. Caves entered from second- story rooms were very popular and likely were used, for the most part, as ante-chambers and not as independent dwellings. They were excellent for storage purposes and if the Indian wanted to live he had to hold food over from one season to t

he next. Covering a period of
a little more than a hundre

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Jurisdictional Support and Coordination Requirements

d years, let us say, the Indians of Frijoles Canyon cut over three hundred cave rooms in the north cliff. Some


re. Houses ex

tended as far as four rows of rooms out from the cliff and they were terraced up as high as three stories. On top of them were open porches which we call "rama

das" today. They were m

stancesÑhe could look up and he could

Will provide each jurisdiction with the following:

es and caves along the north wall to have housed two thousand primitive Indians, no more than a few hundred ever lived here at one time. There simply wasnt land enough to farm, or game enough to supply food for

a greater number. It would seem that Tyuonyi never had a static occupation

but an ever moving one. The cliff dwellers at Frijoles, l