f the king but in the
image of Cortes. The fissure between name
and i mage, a mark of dissonance between the monarch and his conq
n these late days of Spanish conquest, is precisely the fissure Onate's behavior works to suture. By 1598 reenacting Cortes seems the only way Onate might imagine (or discover) himself a "rightful" conquistador in the terms of the now bankrupt economy of honor throu
If we turn to Villagra's Historia of these events, the first thing we note is that he ignores (or forgets) this provenance of prior conquests. Villagra's opening pages establish the operative fiction of his task. Neither historian nor poet by profession, the soldier becomes both "more in response to the sense of duty I feel than in confidence of my ability" (35). VillagrS figures his monarch as the cause and the effect of both the conquest and its historical retelling: "Most Christian Philip," he begi
ns, "You are the Phoenix of New Mexico, newly produced and come forth fr
om the burning flames and embers of most holy faith" (41); here the m
onarch is born anew through the conquest of New Mexico just as New Mexico is born anew through the king's rule. This soldier-poet is, it seems, driven by the mandate of
Finnigan Liquid Chromatograph-Mass spectrometer (LC-MS):
history itself: to borrow an analysis from Louis Marin, the monarch "makes history, but it is history that is made in what
he does, and the same time his historian, by writing wha
t he does, writes what must be written" (42).
Michel de Certeau suggests that any historical operation refers to a relation between a social place (a milieu, a profession), a "scientific" practice (a discipline), and the construction of a writing (a literature) (1988, 57). At a minimum, Villagra
's practice entails recording "heroic" e
vents of the recent conquest, and the place is the seat of empire; addressed to and written for the monarch, the writing commemorates "with faithful zeal" the advance of empire effected in his name. His writing takes the form of a heroic epic poem following the Spanish historico-l
iterary tradition of te
lling conquest history in epic form, dating as far back as El Cid and as recently as Alonso de Ercilla's La Araucana in 1589, which no doubt served as the model for the Historia. La Historia de la nuevo Mexico [sic] is thus created not only for the monarch but also to safeguard the heroism of his compatriots, which "if left to ... the mercy of passing years will
be sacrificed on the altars of time" (35).
Yet we already suspect this operati
on of a deeper fiction. Judging from the many official inquiries and reviews following Onate's settlement in the Pueblos, one can see that the New Mexican conquest has in no way impressed the king. Official inquiries reveal that the land is of "extreme sterility" and that "it will not render any benefit to the king our lord" (D/O 684). The poet records the "heroic deeds" not because they are memorable, but because they have alre
ady been forgotten. If the ki
The PSA measures the particles in a sample and displays the range of sizes present from 4 microns to 2000 microns. Particle size is often important in the control of industrial mixing, product preparation, and quality control and quality assurance for production facilities.
ng is reborn in the conquest of Ne
w Mexico, it is not through the events of 1598, but through the textual staging of conquest in Villagra's 1609 Historia.
Villagra's Historia thus makes itself in the gap left open by the discursive erasur
- e of "conquest" and its incomplete replacement with "discovery." The writing does not travel with Onate to discover the "hidden portion of the earth" of New Mexico; it uses that travel to reach and rediscove
Other equipment available:
- r the hidden place of conquest-. Unlike other narratives of American conqu
- est, Villagra's text generally resists the heterologic impulse to s
- peak about the "other." Instead the
- text obsessively f
- ollows the Spania
- rds, and in turn provides a remarkable ethno
- logic record of Spanish military culture. For example:
They [the soldiers] are all expert in the art of c
ooking. They wash and bake, in short provide everything for their needs, from the wood they burn to the salt with which they season their food. They are expert in the art of tilling the soil. Every hour of the day you might find them clothed in shining steel as though they were encased in solid bronze. (178)
The kind of ethnographic detail normally reserved for the record and study of "other" cultures is here used in the service of his own. But a
The primary focus of the Chemistry Laboratory is the thermal decomposition mechanisms of explosives and propellants. The reaction products and kinetics of decomposition are analyzed to provide necessary safety information on these materials.